There are various sorts of waste management equipment, all of which revolve around the removal of waste. Waste can mean everything from typical household rubbish found in bins, to toxic waste coming from chemical plants.
- These different kinds of waste need particular equipment and treatment, due to the variance in waste type and safety when being managed.
The most famous and well-known type of waste management equipment is the humble bin truck, used everywhere to collect waste and then transport it away for disposal.
Matters of Size and Materials
Even though waste management apparatus, includes complicated machinery, it also subsists of simpler equipment, like rubbish bins in a wide range of shapes and sizes. Made mostly from plastic, these small, simple bins are commonly seen in most of our homes.
- Larger bin types are put to use for public and industrial purposes, where larger volumes of waste are collected.
Such bins normally have lids or some type of covering, which helps to contain odours.
Skip Bins and Trucks
When it comes to non-residential waste management procedures, waste can be easily collected in a skip bin. Skip bins are fully enclosed and usually have a removable top or a small hatch where you can throw garbage in. A skip bin in Jandakot, will also have drainage holes so any surplus liquid can be drained off from any collected rubbish.
After an agreed on time period, a truck arrives to pick up the skip bin and take it away to have the contents sorted out properly at a dump. These trucks have different designs, depending on the type of skip bin which is being delivered or collected.
- Usually, however, these sorts of trucks are classified by the way they load the rubbish.
The majority are front loaders, rear loaders, side loaders and pneumatic collectors. Front, rear and side loaders, load rubbish just as their name suggests: i.e. from the front, rear, or side. This is typically conducted via mechanised forks which lift the skip bin upside-down above the truck, forcing rubbish out.
- Pneumatic collection trucks handle waste in a similar way to how a vacuum cleaner works.
- In some scenarios, waste must be stored away underground in a liquefied form (such as in sewage and chemical waste).
These trucks have a crane with a large hose connected, which can be attached to an opening in the ground, and all liquid stored below is then sucked out by way of a vacuum.
Other Types of Apparatus
Other types of waste management equipment include the likes of rubbish compactors, which are commonly seen in the backs of most bin trucks and in all waste treatment plants.
- Other equipment includes reprocessing and recycling machinery which can salvage and integrate basic materials for further reuse.
However, most rubbish gets put into landfills and due to landfill rubbish being non-reusable, it then has to be disposed of completely via incineration.